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Parenting


Parenting is one of the most difficult and challenging task a person can be assigned. Parenting is not just giving food and other stuffs to children but is a process that requires personal commitment. Therefore, parenting can be defined as a process of supporting and promoting the emotional, social, intellectual, financial and physical development of a person from infancy to maturity. In other words, parenting depicts the aspects of raising a person besides the biological affiliation.

Usually, biological parents are the most ordinary caretakers in parenting. However, other people such as uncles, aunts, grandparents, older siblings or even family friends may as well be involved. The surrounding society and government also have a role to play in raising young people. For instance, adopted children and orphans get parental care from people they do not have blood relationship with. In fact, parenting is a not only responsibility of the biological parents but also involves immediate community and the government.

Parental Skills

Parenting skills differ from one parent to another. People with good parental skills are termed to be good parents. Parenting is termed to be “good enough” if the basic prerequisites for development of a health child are met. Views on qualities of a good parent as well differ from one culture to another. Moreover, research has affirmed that history of a parent in terms of parental psychopathology as well as attachments, especially in the wake of undesirable experiences can greatly influence the sensitivity of the parent as well as the development of the child.

Factors Influencing Parental Decisions

Culture, wealth, income and the social class have got a very significant impact on the child rearing methods a parent is likely to employ. Cultural morals play a key responsibility in how parents take care on their child. However, parenting is constantly evolving; as time goes on, social norms, cultural ethics and traditions transform. In psychology, the theory of parental investment recommends that, fundamental conflicts between female and male in parental investment have strong adaptive implications which results to gender discrepancies in mating preferences and propensities.

Social class of a family as well plays an important role in the resources and opportunities available to a child. In most cases, children of lower working-class frequently are raised in a more disadvantageous environment in terms of communities, parental attention and schooling compared to upper-class or middle-class upbringings. Moreover, the kind of networking relationships such helpful members of family, community individual and supportive which exist in middle and upper-class families is limited in lower working-class families.

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